An attractive smile is a great asset to everyone regardless of age. It plays a huge role in one's self-image and self-confidence.

Straight, aligned teeth are essential in chewing, biting and speaking efficiently. Occlusion refers to the alignment of the teeth and the manner in which the upper and lower teeth fit together when the mouth is closed.

Abnormal pressure is set on teeth that are out of alignment. This makes them more likely to loosen or fracture. Severe undue strain may also cause discomfort and difficulty in biting, chewing or speaking. Loss of one or more teeth may move nearby teeth into the new 'vacant' space, moving them out of position. Further, malocclusions which hinder full access for brushing and flossing may increase the risk of dental caries and gum diseases.

Malocclusions can be corrected in many different ways. Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that focuses with the study and treatment of malocclusions resulting from tooth irregularity, disproportionate jaw relationships or both. These malformations can lead to overcrowding of teeth and an overbite.

Teeth can be realigned by the application of a continuous mild force through dental appliances like braces or retainers. When these alone are not sufficient, surgeries may be considered as necessary. Orthodontic treatments are carried out for aesthetic reasons concerning the overall appearance of one's teeth and for practical purposes such as correcting and improving bite irregularities.